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Dnipropetrovsk Travel Guide

Dnipropetrovsk History

Dnipropetrovsk History In 16-18th centuries, the area of actual Dnipropetrovsk was included into the lands of the Zaporozhian Cossacks; there are vestiges of a fortified town probably built in this period.

Since 1768, Russians and Cossacks armies fought against the Ottoman Empire for the rule of this area in what is called the Russo-Turkish War, the war ended in 1774. In May 1775 the Russian armed forces destroyed the Zaporozhian Sich, terminating, consequently, the political independence of the Cossacks.

After the defeat of the Cossacks, the Russian Prince Grigory Potyomkin founded Dnipropetrovsk in 1776 as part of the plan of expansion of the Russian Empire, following the orders of Yekaterina II (Catherine II) of Russia, the town was named Yekaterinoslav (which translates into “The glory of Yekaterina”) after her, the name lasted from 1776 until 1926.

The town was not established in its present location, but at the meeting of the River Kil'chen' with the River Samara in the area of Loshakivka, but because of the spring waters transformed the initial location in a bog, it was relocated to its current site in 1783, on the south bank of the Dnepr.

From 1797 to 1802 the city was called Novorossiysk.

The town remained small until the second half of the 19th century, when the city experimented a rapid development thanks to the discovering of the Kryvyi Rih iron ores by Alexandr Pol' and the construction of the railway hub. In that period Dnipropetrovsk became the largest metal manufacturer in Ukraine.

The World War I and then the Russian revolution in 1917 and subsequent Civil War resulted in a paralysis of industry and transport. During eight months in 1918, Dnipropetrovsk was called Sicheslav (The Glory of Sich). In 1926, Dnipropetrovsk got its current name

During the Second World War, the city was occupied by Nazis in August 12, 1941; thousands of Jews were killed during the occupation. The city was freed by Ukrainian army in October 25, 1943. The second period of industrial growth of Dnipropetrovsk started in post war years when machine building, aerospace industry, chemical and power engineering began to build up.

In 2005, the former senior manager of Yuzhmash, Leonid Kuchma, became President of Ukraine.


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