Donetsk, also known as Donets'k, is the administrative centre of Donetsk Oblast and the unofficial capital of Donbass (Donetsk Basin) region. The city is located in the south-eastern part of Ukraine, on the headwaters of the Kalmius River. The city of Donetsk covers 385 square km, it is 28 km long (north to south) and 55 km wide (west to east). Donetsk lies 95 km north of the Sea of Azov, a popular vacation spot for the city's inhabitants.
Donetsk is one of the biggest industrial, cultural, and scientific centres in Ukraine. There are a university, medical and trade institutes; and more than 30 scientific research establishments.
Cultural amenities of Donetsk City include several theatres, a Philharmonic Hall, a Planetarium, 29 museums, and more than 500 libraries in the city. Don’t forget visit the Opera and Ballet Theatre which is one of the best in Ukraine. Donetsk is home to many international festivals like "The stars of the World's ballet", "The Festival of young pianists", "The Festival of the Smith art", “the Nightingale’s Fair”, among many others.
There are many good hotels, restaurants, and casinos where you can enjoy a good time. Donetsk is also an important railway and highway junction, the city has an International Airport too.
Important attractions of the city include the Cathedral Transfiguration of Jesus, the Donetsk National University, the Monument to Shevchenko, the “Glory to the miners’ labour” monument, and others. The principal street of Donetsk is Artema named after a revolutionary leader; the street is 9 km long and is filled with important shops, hotels, and administrative buildings.
The city of Donetsk, also spelled Doneck, was founded in 1869 by Welshman technician-metallurgist John James Hughes as a small mine settlement; the town was named Yuzovka (Hughesovka) in honour of his founder until 1924. In 1872, a Metallurgical plant was founded there. Later steel rails were made in Donetsk city. By 1874, Yuzovka ranked first among Russian metallurgical towns, the area became a major industrial region.
The city was given the status of city in 1917 and became the capital of the Donetsk Region in 1932. The city was renamed Stalino in 1924 after Joseph Stalin until 1961 when took its current name after the Seversky Donets River following the orders of Nikita Khrushchev. After the World War II, the city had to be rebuilt, experiencing a quick growth.
The climate of the region is a continental one, and despite the reputation of the industrial cities, Donetsk is a relative green city; in fact the city is considered among the most beautiful in Ukraine with magnificent parks and squares, the city is known as the “city of black coal and white roses” by locals. Donetsk won a UNESCO Award for its cleanliness.
Today, Donetsk is a city in quick and sustained development.
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