Crimea or the Autonomous Republic of Crimea is an autonomous republic of Ukraine; Crimea has its own Constitution, government and legislature. The capital and administrative seat of Crimea is the city of Simferopol.
Crimea occupies a peninsula of the same name; it is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea in south-eastern Ukraine and attached to Ukraine by a narrow wide strip of land (the Isthmus of Perekop). Crimea extends about 320km from east to west and about 175km from north to south.
The territory of Crimea was controlled several times by different ethnic groups throughout its history; the most important cultures settled in the Crimean territory were: Cimmerians, Greeks, Persians, Goths, Huns, Bulgars, Khazars, Mongols, Venetians, Ottomans, Russians, Germans and Ukrainians.
The territory of Crimea was originally inhabited by the Crimean Tatars who were deported to Central Asia by Stalin, after the fall of the Soviet Regime and Ukrainian Independence many Crimean Tatars began returning to the region, despite the resistance from the ethnic Russian population. Today, the population of Crimea consists of a majority of Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, and a smaller number of Greeks, Armenians, Jews and Karaim people.
In 1475 the peninsula was overrun by the Crimean Tatars which controlled the area with the help from the Ottomans. In 1783, the entire Crimea was formally annexed by Russia, the area became a seaside resort for Russian nobility, during the Soviet Period Crimea remained as a summer playground from Kremlin leaders. On February 19, 1954, Crimea was incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR from the Russian SFSR. After the Ukrainian independence, Crimea became part of Ukraine.
There is no doubt that the Crimean Peninsula is one of the most beautiful regions in the world, summer in Crimea is long, winter in mild and springs starts early. The region’s fruit orchards and vineyards produce good-quality wine which can be tasted locally quite cheaply.
The leading resort town is Yalta, the “Pearl of the Crimea”, the Livadia Palace near Yalta is where Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin met in the famous Yalta Conference in 1945, during World War II.
he Vorontsovsky Palace is an historical palace located in the town of Alupka, it was designated by Edward Blore, the architect who completed the construction of the Buckingham Palace.
Nikitsky Botanical Garden, located just outside of Yalta by the shores of the Black Sea, is a good afternoon’s excursion. Foros is a resort town famous because is where Mikhail Gorbachev was held prisoner in his dacha during the 1991 Coup d'état.
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