Odesa or Odessa, which is located next to the Black Sea in Southern Ukraine, is the fifth-largest city in the country, its most important trading city and a beautiful resort destination.
The site of Odesa was under Turkish Ottoman control from 1526 to 1789; in 1792 it was annexed to Russia; Odesa itself was founded in 1794 as a Russian naval fortification. During the Crimean War (1853-1856) Odesa was heavily bombarded by joint French and British armies.
In 1905 the city was the site of the Battleship Potemkin uprising, a rebellion of the crew against their officers, it served as basis of the world famous 1925 Sergei Eisenstein's silent film The Battleship Potemkin, you will visit the site where was filmed the Odessa Steps sequence.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Odesa had a large Jewish community; the port was a focus of emigration to Palestine from 1882 onwards. Today Odesa is a center of renewal of Jewish culture, with a community of 45,000.
From 1819 to 1858 Odesa was a free port. Under the Soviet regime it was the most important trade port and also a naval base; in January 2000 the Odesa trade sea port was declared a free port and free economic zone until 2025.
Odesa is the home of two ports: Odesa itself and Yuzhny. The principal industries here are shipbuilding, fishing, steelmaking, and food processing. Products and goods of the city include refined petroleum, oil, sugar, processed food, plastics, timber, machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and clothing. Its harbour kept open in winter by icebreakers.
The historical architecture of Odesa has a Mediterranean style, having been influenced by French and Italian styles.
Some of its many attractions include the Statue of the Duke of Richelieu, the Potemkin stairs, Deribasovskaya Street, the Vorontsov Palace and the Archaeological Museum. There is also a vast Opera and Ballet Theater, which ceiling is decorated with scenes from the plays of Shakespeare. The city has also several museums and theatres.
Odesa has sunny climate, beautiful beaches, self-confidence, and well developed tourist infrastructure. Although Ukrainian is the only official language, Russian is still widely spoken.
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