Sevastopol is an important and historical port, seaside resort, and fortress on the Black Sea coast of the Crimea Peninsula. Sevastopol borders on the Autonomous Republic of Crimea from north and east and is washed by the Black Sea waters from south and west. Administratively Sevastopol is separated into four raions (districts): Balaklavskyi, Haharinskyi, Leninskyi, and Nakhimovskyi.
Founded by Catherine II the Great in 1783; when Crimea was adjoined to Russia; as the base of the Black Sea Navy of the Russian Empire, is now an important naval base used jointly by the Ukrainian and Russian Navies.
The name of Sevastopol is of Greek origin and translated means "The City Worthy of Worship". The name seems justified because Sevastopol has survived two prolonged attacks during the Crimean War of 1854-1855 and World War II. The city is often called “The City of Sea Glory” which makes reference to its historical destiny and its strategic location at the centre of the Black Sea Basin.
Sevastopol is also an important centre of marine biology research, here are located the biological station of the Academy of Sciences, the Zoological Marine Station, the Black Sea Aquarium, and two navigation schools.
Nature has blessed Sevastopol; here you can enjoy long beaches, green parks, and a bright sun, the climate is close to subtropical climate, from May until October, there is a lot of summer activity and in winter the temperature varies from -2 to +7 degrees centigrade. Sevastopol is a centre for outdoor activities including mountain biking, mountaineering, gliding, and war and historical excursions
For many years Sevastopol was closed to tourists, due its military status, in these times, every person, even Russians, needed a visa to get in or out of Sevastopol. Now visitors have the opportunity to visit this city and its many sights on offer many years hidden to the public.
Sevastopol has lots of attractions, a must is the “Defence of Sevastopol 1854-1855” Panorama Museum dedicated to the heroic defenders of Sevastopol in Crimea. Other attractions are the Russian Black Sea Fleet Museum, Vladimirsky Cathedral on the Central Hill, Bratskoye Cemetery, Mangup Kale, and many others.
You can also visit the Chersonesos National Archaeological Reserve, which had become in Soviet times, one of the largest scientific research centres in existence.
There are many war memorials dedicated to outstanding historical events and distinguished people; you can see the monument to Lenin on ul. Sovietska, the Sunken Ships Monument on Marine Boulevard, there are also monuments to Admiral Pavel Nakhimov, Admiral Kornilov, Admiral Ushakov, General Eduard Totleben, Captain Alexander Kazarsky, among many others.
Like in the rest of the Crimea, Russian is largely spoken in Sevastopol.
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