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Sevastopol Travel Guide

Sevastopol History

Sevastopol History Archaeologists say that the tribes of Tauri, Scythians and Sarmatians were the first ones who had settlements in this area.

West of Sevastopol stood the ancient Greek colony of Chersonesos, founded in 421 BC which remained independent for three centuries and played an important role in the history of the Black Sea, then Chersonesos became part of the Kingdom of Pontus, of the Cimmerian Bosporus, of the Roman Empire, and of the Byzantine Empire. Under the Byzantine Empire Chersonesos was an administrative centre for its possessions in Taurica.

In 988 Prince Vladimir of Kyiv captured the town before being baptized there, adopting Christianity and introducing the Orthodox Church into Ukraine and Russia. The area later passed to the Empire of Trebizond and declined into insignificance. In the 16th the Tatars, occupied Chersonesos and founded a settlement named Akhtiar.

After the war with Turkey the Russians annexed the Crimean Peninsula including the Sevastopol area. In 1783, the city was founded by Grigory Potyomkin, Russians began the construction there of a naval base and fortress and named Sevastopol ("The August City") the following year. In 1804, Sevastopol became the home of the Black Sea Fleet and in 1808, a commercial port was opened.

From October 1854 to 1855, the city was besieged by the allied English, French, Sardinian and Turkish forces during the Crimean War, Sevastopol had been strongly fortified and resisted during eleven months but finally on the 8th of September 1855 the city was evacuated by the Russians.

In 1890 Sevastopol was made a third-class fortress, and the commercial port had been transferred to Theodosia.

The city was the headquarters of the White Army under General Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel during the Russian Civil War 191820.

In World War II the town again underwent a siege by the Germans which lasted for 250 days until July 1942, Sevastopol was liberated by the Red Army on May 9, 1944, the city was almost completely destroyed but Sevastopol has always risen from ruins and become even more beautiful.

In Soviet times, the city remained officially a closed city, because of its naval installations. In 1996 it was opened finally and became a popular tourist destination.


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