Ukraine travel guide



Uzhhorod Travel Guide

Uzhhorod History

Sevastopol Uzhhorod Uzhhorod is one of the oldest towns in Ukraine, according to archaeological evidence the place where the city is located was inhabited as early as the Stone Age. The Slavic tribe of White Croats founded a fortified settlement there in the 8th or 9th century AD, The settlement became the main residence of the Slavic prince Laborets.

Early in the 10th century the town was captured by Hungarian tribes, Laborets was defeated on the banks of the river which nowadays carries his name; the settlement got the name of Ungvar. The town was attacked and sacked by the Tatars in 1242 but remained under Hungarian control.

Since 1318 until 1678, the Drugeths (a noble family of the Kingdom of Hungary) owned the town. The economy of the town was primarily based on wine-making industry, farming, and animal husbandry. Trade and manufacturing industries were developed through the 15th to 18th centuries.

During the 16th and 17th centuries, Uzhhorod was involved in a religious battle between Eastern Byzantine church and Roman Catholic clergy, the religious fight culminated with the Union of Uzhhorod of 1646. Population of Uzhhorod at that time was around 3000 people.

The Austrian Habsburg dynasty obtained control of the city in 1691; the city soon became involved in Hungarian efforts to terminate Austrian rule. In 1848 the city was granted self-government with the overthrow of the monarchy in Hungary. At this time, Uzhhorod had 16,919 inhabitants according to the 1910 census.

In 1919, after the First World War, the city was officially annexed to Transcarpathian Region, under the rule of Czechoslovakia. Uzhhorod was transferred to Hungary pursuant to the Vienna Award of 2 November 1938.

During the Second World War in 1944, the Jews Community of the city and surrounding area was concentrated in a ghetto, and on May 14, 1944 were deported to Auschwitz.

Uzhhorod was occupied by Soviet forces in October 27, 1944. Zakarpattia Oblast was united to the Ukrainian SSR in 1945; in January 1946 Uzhhorod became the capital of Zakarpattia oblast.

Today the city is a cultural, industrial and communications centre of the Transcarpathian Region. Tourism plays also an important role in the economy of Uzhhorod.

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