Armenian Church is one of the most beautiful buildings in Yalta; it is situated on a steep slope of a mountain. The Church was built in the period 1909-1919 by architect G. Ter-Mikelov in accordance with sketches of the temple from famous artist Vardges Surenyants, Armenian Church resembles remotely the St. Hripsime Church built in 618 in Echmiadzin, Armenia. The Church is beautifully decorated; external décor and internal furniture were executed by the famous Surenyants.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built in 1891-1902 to commemorate the death of Tsar Alexander II; the first stone in the base of the cathedral was laid by his widow. The building was designed by architect Krasnov, who also designed the Livadia Palace, and the architect P. Terebenyov, the interior contains a beautiful mosaic of Alexander Nevsky's portrait by the artist Salviati. The Temple looks like Old Russian Cathedral of the seventeenth century due to the combination of its domes and rich ornamentation. The Cathedral is located at Sadova Street 2.
Nikitsky Botanical Garden
Commonly known as Nikita, founded in 1812 by Christian Steven, a Russian botanist of Swedish descent, it is one of the world’s oldest and most beautiful botanical gardens. Here you can see almost 30 thousands species of plants from all quarters of the globe, including 1,600 different varieties of roses, and a 1,000 year old pistachio tree. The total area of the gardens is 11 square kilometres on a slope above the Black Sea. It is located about 7 km. from Yalta Sea Port. Nikita Botanical Gardens is also a large scientific-research institute which exports seeds to Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria. Nikita stay open late in summers.
Chekhov’s house is where the famous Russian writer wrote Three Sisters, The Cherry Orchard, The Lady with the Dog and many of his other short stories. It is a small house with a mature garden where Chekhov planted some 159 plant species; the rooms still contain Chekhov's furniture, the piano which composer Rachmaninov played, lots of pictures, memorabilia, and even an antique Ericsson telephone, thanks to the work of his sister Masha. In 1921 Chekhov’s house became a museum dedicated to the writer. There is also a nearby museum where you can see antique photographs, theatre programmes, first editions, etc.
The world-famous Livadia Palace, surrounded by a large park, overlooks the Black Sea and the Bay of Yalta; the Palace is located just 3km outside of Yalta. Also known as The White Palace, was constructed under the supervision of architect Ippolito Monighetti and later under architect Nikolay Krasnov (between 1910 and 1911), was built as the summer residence for imperial family. Livadia Palace was the summer residence of the last Russian Tsar Nikolai II. In 1945, it became the home of the Yalta Conference when Stalin (USSR), Roosevelt (USA), and Churchill (Great Britain) met to discus plans at the end of World War II. Today the palace houses a museum where you can see the imperial family's private chapel, dining room, and bedroom; and walk the hall where the Yalta Conference took place.
The Massandra Palace which stands in beautiful parkland on the outskirts of Yalta is one of the best architectural monuments of the Southern Coast of Crimea; it was first owned by Prince Vorontsov Jr and later by Alexander III who acquired the palace and finished its construction. Rooms in the palace were designated in different architectural styles: Roman vestibule, Gothic dining room, Renaissance billiard room, etc. In 1992 the palace was designated a museum and opened to the public. Additionally, Massandra houses the most well known wine cellar in the region.
Vorontsov's Palace (Alupka)
It is a Scottish gothic and Neo-Moorish style Palace situated in the setting of an exotic park and located in the town of Alupka, 17km (11 miles) south of Yalta. The Palace was designed by the English architect Edward Blore (court architect of William IV and Queen Victoria) and built in 1828-1846 as the summer residence of Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov. The immense park around the palace is one of the finest on the Southern Coast of Crimea, it have four lakes, waterfalls and fountains. The palace was opened for visitors since 1921.
It is one of the most beautiful and spectacular attractions situated near Yalta, in Crimea. Swallow's Nest is a decorative medieval castle of Neo-Gothic design located on the top of 40-meter (130 ft) high Aurora Cliff, near the resort town of Gaspra. It was designed by the Russian architect Leonid Sherwood and built in 1911-1912 by Baron von Steinheil, a Baltic German noble. Today there is a restaurant within the building. You can get there taking boat from the pier in Yalta. Near you can find remnants of the Roman military settlement of Charax.
There are not sandy beaches in Yalta; all the beaches are covered with middle-and small pebbles, very similar to the pebble beaches of the French Riviera. There are three municipal beaches in Yalta: Massandra, Dolphin and Seaside. Entrance is free of charge and for a few dollars you can rent a beach chair and an umbrella, these beaches tend to be crowded in July and August. You can find many restaurants near the beaches, so you can have something to eat or cool while taking a sunbath.